Arthur Caplan, Torsten Trey, Michael Shapiro, and Maria Fiatarone Singh

Arthur Caplan is the Drs. William F. and Virginia Connolly Mitty Professor and founding head of the Division of Bioethics at New York University School of Medicine. He was the Co-Director of the Joint Council of Europe/United Nations Study on Trafficking in Organs and Body Parts and the co-editor of Replacement Parts: The Ethics of Procuring and Replacing Organs in Humans, Georgetown University Press (2015). Torsten Trey, M.D., Ph.D., is the founder and Executive Director of Doctors Against Forced Organ Harvesting (DAFOH), a Nobel Peace Prize nominated NGO based in the United States. Dr. Trey jointly edited and authored “State Organs—Transplant Abuse in China” (2012) and "An Unprecedented Evil Persecution" (2015). He is a notable researcher and international expert with extensive publications on unethical organ procurement and transplant abuse in China. Michael E. Shapiro, MD, FACS, is Associate Professor of Surgery and General Surgery Residency Program Director at Rutgers-New Jersey Medical School. He is former Chair of the OPTN Bioethics Committee, and frequently writes about the intersection between concepts of death and organ donation. Professor Maria A. Fiatarone Singh, MD, FRACP has held the inaugural John Sutton Chair of Exercise and Sport Science, and Professor, Sydney Medical School, at the University of Sydney since 1999. She is a geriatrician with career focused on the optimization function and quality of in older adults via the use of exercise and nutrition as medicine for the prevention and treatment of chronic disease. She has been an active member of the Medical Advisory Board of Doctors Against Forced Organ Harvesting since 2008 and advocates and writes frequently for the cessation of unethical transplantation practices internationally.