At a time when many herald democracy’s arrival in Ukraine, Iraq, Palestine, and elsewhere, the Georgetown Journal of International Affairs takes a step beyond the elections. Once the ballots have been counted and the governments formed, new democracies as well as old face the challenge of fostering democratic institutions. True success will be measured only when elections will be held another day, a next generation of democratic leaders elected, and the process perpetuated. For, in our enthusiasm for Georgia and Afghanistan, we may forget that democracy is a a process, not an event.
In the tradition of the Journal, this issue goes beyond the momentary headline of an event to offer our readers a look at the debates that follow in the days after. We take pride in providing you ideas that will continue to prove their relevance long after you have read these pages.
– Catherine D. Bellafronto & McPharlin L. Broderick
Forum: Beyond the Ballot Box
- Introduction by the Editors | Buy
In recent weeks and months, democracy has become the buzzword of international politics and with good reason. So-called Rose, Orange, and Tulip Revolutions have swept Eastern Europe and Central Asia, just as unprecedented elections have eroded the status quo in Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq. But elections alone do not a democracy make. Democracy is a complex, controversial subject that deserves a more robust examination than much of the recent rhetoric has offered. To this end, our Forum explores beyond the ballot box to paint a fuller picture of the opportunities, challenges, and threats that confront contemporary democracy.
- The Economic Obstacles to Democratization by Joseph Siegle | Read
- Africa’s Democratic Deficit by Chris Fomunyoh | Read
- Solving India’s Diversity Dilemma: Culture, Constitution, & Nehru by George C. Thomas | Read
- Dominant Partis and Democratic Defects by Matthijs Bogaards | Read
- Pocketbook Politics: Corruption in the West by Diana Rodriguez | Read
- Sustaining Democracy’s Last Wave by Kim Campbell and Sean C. Carroll | Read
Business & Finance
- Offshoring in Perspective by Diana Farrell | Read
Offshoring faces significant opposition domestically, but a close analysis reveals that the economic opportunities far outweigh the costs.
- Driving China: The New Automative Frontier Interviews with Troy E. Clarke and Mei-Wei Cheng | Read
The heads of GM and Ford in China discuss the worldwide impact of increasing Chinese participation in the auto industry.
Conflict & Security
- Reality Check: The Danger of Small Arms Proliferation by Rachel Stohl | Read
The world needs to focus on small arms and light weapons–weapons that cause real mass destruction.
- Blind Spot: The United States and Post-Conflict Intervention by Robert M. Perito | Read
Why does the United States continue to fail in managing post-conflict interventions?
Culture & Society
- Working from Within: Nigerian Women and Conflict Resolution by Gwendolyn Mikell | Read
Cultural awareness and sensitivity enable Nigeria’s Muslim women to engage in effective conflict resolution where others cannot.
- Turkey’s Minority Report by Hugh Pope | Read
Successful protection of the rights of Turkey’s minorities requires concerted and continuous engagement by the international community.
Law & Ethics
- Reconsidering Battlefield Contractors by Doug Brooks and Jim Shelvin | Read
Private security contractors play an indispensable role in peace and stability operations. Policymakers can formulate better laws and regulation by working with the industry.
Politics & Diplomacy
- Streamlining U.S. Democracy Assistance by Don Pressley and Lawrence Groo | Read
For U.S. democracy assistance to be effective, policymakers must carefully select and evaluate the programs the fund.
- KEDO Adrift by Yoshinori Takeda | Read
Despite the current challenges facing international relations with North Korea, it is too soon to give up entirely on the unique multilateral organization, KEDO.
Science & Technology
- Mobile Service Revolution: CNN Effect Goes Mobile by Dan Steinbock | Read
New mobile technologies that improve communication and media dissemination around the world are changing the way policymakers thing and governments act.
- Reorienting Indian Foreign Policy by Sumit Ganguly | Read
Review of C. Raja Mohan’s Crossing the Rubicon: The Shaping of India’s New Foreign Policy.
- Staying Competitive: U.S. Economic Policy by Ronald McKinnon | Read
Review of C. Fred Bergsten and the Institute of International Economics’ The United States and the World Economy: Foreign Policy for the Next Decade.
- Washington’s Missing Piece by Roger Howard | Read
Review of Kenneth Pollack’s The Persian Puzzle: The Conflict between Iran and America.
View from the Ground
- New Minds Shaping China by Nick Phoutrides | Read
Education reform in China gives rise to critical thinking, and an evolution from rote memorization to thinking outside the box.
A Look Back
- Battle for Burma: The Process of National Reconciliation by Min Zin | Read
Effective third party involvement is the only way to advance Burma’s national reconciliation and ensure the emergence of democracy in one of the six “ouposts of tyranny.”