The U.S.-Cuba Rapprochement

facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmail
Revolution Plaza in Cuba. Photo Credit: Franck Vervial / Flickr

Revolution Plaza in Cuba. Photo Credit: Franck Vervial / Flickr

Despite excitement surrounding expanded U.S. economic involvement in Cuba, the effort will most likely fail to bring about the economic and government-related changes that many hope to see. As has been the case with other nations’ previous forays into the Island, U.S. tourism is poised to primarily benefit government-owned businesses and black market activities, not the privately run microenterprises that make-up roughly one-third of Cuban businesses. Despite the United States’ emphasis on investing in these legal microenterprises, known as “cuentapropista” activities, most will miss out on foreign investment in part due to the expectation of low rates of return on investment. The reality of American economic involvement will serve to reinforce income distribution on the island by leaving out the majority of the labor force.

Meanwhile, re-establishing ties between the two nations will facilitate greater emigration of younger Cubans, further increasing income inequality on the island as more remittances flow to the families of the country’s most highly educated emigrants. In effect, the United States’ attempts to help modernize the Cuban economy and government via foreign investment will likely fail and poses the risk of bringing about undesirable changes for everyday Cubans.

The Island did not always face such dire economic hardships. In the 1950s, Cuba was on a sustained path of economic growth, which translated into rising wages, high levels of education, a robust financial system, and a vibrant business community. This trajectory changed dramatically in 1959 when the progressive collectivization of the economy transformed the government into an overarching monopoly. The incentives present in its previous market system disappeared, and traditional production methods were replaced with an inefficient planning system that impacted Cuba’s cattle, tobacco, and sugar industries.

The Cuban economy underwent another set of dramatic changes in the 1990s as a result of reforms in the Soviet Bloc. The end of Communism greatly curtailed aid to Cuba, leading European countries to provide loans to the Cuban government with the expectation that the Island’s economy would open up to the rest of the world. Castro’s administration promised to European lenders that the industrial sector would expand, exports would see a boost, and enough revenue would be generated for the country to repay its foreign debts. Simultaneously, Cuba began exporting the services of its most skilled health and educational personnel. Unfortunately, the country’s promised industrial export growth never materialized and its export of human capital was not enough to pay the interest on its foreign debt. Cuba ultimately defaulted on its foreign obligations in 1996.

The current U.S.-Cuba rapprochement is likely to see the same disappointing results as other nations’ previous efforts with Cuba. Renewed ties with European nations resulted in Cuba taking on additional debt to foreign nations, as well as foreign ownership in the country’s key businesses maxed out at 49%. Major multinational corporations, such as Pernod-Ricard, Sherritt Corporation, and Nestle, now operate subsidiaries on the Island, of which Cuba’s government holds 51% ownership. Indirect investments became direct investments when these companies acquired Cuban foreign debt at a deep discount and purchased minority stakes in key Cuban companies.

The International Labor Organization (ILO) has condemned Cuba over the last two decades for, among other violations of the U.N Convention on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, paying Cuban workers in these foreign minority owned companies a fraction of their guaranteed salaries. The Cuban government funnels workers through an entity called ACOREC. This agency selects members of the Communist Party to work for foreign-owned companies that then pay ACOREC in hard currency (Cuban convertible pesos). In turn, ACOREC pays workers in inconvertible Cuban pesos. Because 25 Cuban pesos equal one convertible Cuban peso, the workers actually only receive 4% of their salaries in hard currency.

Any American company established in Cuba will face the same predicament – unless it is organized in the Brazilian-financed Mariel Free Custom Zone, which establishes more lenient conditions for workers and foreign investors. For workers, this means that the conversion rate from hard currency to Cuban pesos would be more favorable; instead of receiving 4% of their salaries, they would keep about 10%. New U.S. involvement with Cuba, however, does not address this wage disparity. Although the United States will not directly invest in microenterprises, the U.S. government has emphasized the issue of Cuba’s informal businesses operating in the black market. Official Cuban statistics indicate that there are about 425,000 of these businesses in the country. Research also indicates that the number of informal businesses is slowly diminishing as they integrate into the formal economy.

However, Cubans with university backgrounds are banned from “cuentapropista” activities, because the State – which invested in their education – wants to utilize their professional skills in the public sector. Furthermore, these businesses are limited in the number of workers they can hire (usually fewer than ten) and are heavily taxed. It remains unclear just how U.S. investment could flow to these small enterprises, as the returns on investment are clearly quite limited. For this reason, Cuba’s foreign sector, populated mostly by European and Canadian companies, never considers investing in small enterprises.

For all of Cuba’s economic woes, its black market thrives. Although some of these underground activities, like taxis, tourist provisions, and services, migrated to “cuentapropismo,” many did not. In the milieu of corruption that pervades Cuba’s economic system, the country’s black and gray markets are the country’s most successful economic initiatives – just as it was in the old Soviet Bloc. These markets generate some $6.6 billion a year in remittances from the Cuban diaspora that fuels the black market. For years, Americans and a minority of Europeans have also contributed to the black market, without progressing Cuba’s economic conditions forward even an inch.

The impact of black market dealings on economic disparity in Cuba is notable. Approximately 90% of the 2.5 million Cubans that fled the Island are white, which has greatly changed the country’s demographic structure. The Cuban population is now a majority Afro-Cuban, who receive a minuscule part of the yearly remittances, only further contributing to the economic inequality on the Island. As they are not part of the “new class,” the Afro-Cuban population now faces an increasingly worsening economic lot, making Cuba one of the world’s worst in terms of income distribution. With an average salary of just over $22 per month, Cuban workers earn well below what the United Nations defines as extreme poverty ($38 per month).

By exporting its best-trained citizens to Venezuela, Brazil, and other countries, and by neglecting the country’s quality of education and health, Cuba’s limited economic interaction with the United States is not poised to meaningfully improve the poor conditions under which Cuba’s population lives. Cuban-Americans in the United States focus more on Cuba’s microenterprises, which are unlikely to lead to widespread development.

An important first step would be to break the barrier that the Cuban government imposes on foreign investment, in which it reserves for itself at least a 51% participation in the capital of these firms. Greater autonomy for foreign investors will boost confidence and stimulate foreign direct investment from the United States and other nations. Without such developments, Cuba faces little prospect of further progress. For this to be accomplished, the Cuban government must allow foreign investment in Cuba to establish wholly owned enterprises, and to expedite and make transparent the initiatives of foreign investors to participate in the Cuban market, or as exporters. This would necessitate their capability of conducting foreign trade, independently of the government.

Ultimately, the only route to sustained economic growth and increased American involvement in Cuba is rapid political and economic reforms directed towards democratization and market liberalization. But should these reforms fail to be implemented, the United States is likely to find its experience just as underwhelming and, as evidenced by other countries’ past economic involvement with the Island, could ultimately be ineffectual in changing the country’s development trajectory.

facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmail

Jorge Salazar-Carrillo is a Professor of Economics and Director of the Center of Economic Research at Florida International University in Miami, Florida. Daniel O. Murgo is an Assistant Professor of Economics and Statistics, Miami Dade College and Adjunct Professor of Economics, Florida International University in Miami, Florida.

132 Comments

  • February 21, 2017

    Nicol Eberhart

    Great post. I am facing a couple of these problems.

  • February 22, 2017

    InventHelp review

    This web page can be a walk-through for the entire info you wished about this and didn’t know who to ask. Glimpse right here, and you’ll definitely uncover it.

  • February 22, 2017

    espanhol intensivo

    Greetings from Idaho! I’m bored at work so I decided to check out your blog on my iphone during lunch break. I enjoy the info you provide here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home. I’m amazed at how fast your blog loaded on my phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, great site!

  • February 23, 2017

    how to get an idea patented

    I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good. I do not know who you are but definitely you are going to a famous blogger if you are not already 😉 Cheers!

  • February 23, 2017

    pop over to these guys

    Wonderful work! This is the type of information that should be shared around the net. Shame on the search engines for not positioning this post higher! Come on over and visit my website . Thanks =)

  • February 23, 2017

    memes

    The other day, while I was at work, my cousin stole my iphone and tested to see if it can survive a thirty foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now broken and she has 83 views. I know this is totally off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  • You have brought up a very wonderful points, appreciate it for the post.

  • February 23, 2017

    hepatitis c therapie

    Thank you for another informative web site. Where else could I get that kind of information written in such a perfect way? I have a project that I’m just now working on, and I have been on the look out for such information.

  • February 24, 2017

    adepend 50 mg

    It?¦s actually a great and useful piece of information. I am glad that you simply shared this useful info with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  • February 24, 2017

    letrozol kaufen

    Can I just say what a aid to find somebody who actually is aware of what theyre talking about on the internet. You positively know how one can bring an issue to mild and make it important. Extra folks need to read this and perceive this facet of the story. I cant believe youre not more fashionable since you definitely have the gift.

  • February 24, 2017

    simeprevir ledipasvir

    Heya i’m for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and help others like you helped me.

  • February 24, 2017

    Latest Setup Download

    Merely wanna remark that you have a very decent website , I enjoy the style and design it really stands out.

  • February 24, 2017

    ig

    you are in point of fact a good webmaster. The site
    loading speed is incredible. It kind of feels that you are doing any distinctive trick.
    In addition, The contents are masterpiece. you have done a fantastic task in this matter!

  • February 24, 2017

    blogs on tenerife

    Some really wonderful blog posts on this internet site, thanks for contribution. “The spirit is the true self.” by Marcus Tullius Cicero.

  • February 25, 2017

    Grisel Luiso

    I have not checked in here for some time since I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are great quality so I guess I will add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  • February 26, 2017

    los angeles seo

    Hello, you used to write magnificent, but the last several posts have been kinda boringK I miss your super writings. Past several posts are just a little out of track! come on!

  • February 26, 2017

    Emil Karmo

    “Great Blogpost! Hi there! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out_ and tell you I genuinely enjoy reading through your posts. Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that deal with the same topics?”

  • February 26, 2017

    tenerife blog

    Fantastic web site. Lots of helpful information here. I am sending it to a few buddies ans also sharing in delicious. And of course, thank you in your effort!

  • February 26, 2017

    tenerife guide

    Good site! I truly love how it is easy on my eyes and the data are well written. I am wondering how I might be notified whenever a new post has been made. I have subscribed to your RSS feed which must do the trick! Have a great day!

  • Some truly wondrous work on behalf of the owner of this site, dead outstanding articles.

  • February 26, 2017

    atten

    I do believe all the concepts you have introduced on your post. They are really convincing and will definitely work. Nonetheless, the posts are too quick for starters. Could you please extend them a little from subsequent time? Thanks for the post.

  • February 27, 2017

    click this link now

    But wanna remark on few general things, The website style and design is perfect, the subject matter is real superb. “The stars are constantly shining, but often we do not see them until the dark hours.” by Earl Riney.

  • February 28, 2017

    how to patent an invention

    Good info. Lucky me I reach on your website by accident, I bookmarked it.

  • February 28, 2017

    inventions ideas

    Merely wanna admit that this is very useful, Thanks for taking your time to write this.

  • March 1, 2017

    prepping bowls

    Can I just say what a relief to find someone who actually knows what theyre talking about on the internet. You definitely know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people need to read this and understand this side of the story. I cant believe youre not more popular because you definitely have the gift.

  • Enjoyed reading this, very good stuff, appreciate it.

  • March 2, 2017

    patent a product

    Thanks for your marvelous posting! I seriously enjoyed reading it, you could be a great author.I will make sure to bookmark your blog and will often come back very soon. I want to encourage you to ultimately continue your great writing, have a nice weekend!

  • March 2, 2017

    annie cruz

    Thanks a lot for the blog post.Really looking forward to read more.

  • March 3, 2017

    vedi qui

    Helpful info. Lucky me I discovered your site accidentally, and I am shocked why this accident did not happened in advance! I bookmarked it.

  • March 3, 2017

    dog arthritis treat

    Whats Going down i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I have discovered It positively helpful and it has helped me out loads. I hope to contribute & aid other users like its helped me. Great job.

  • March 4, 2017

    augustaairconditioning

    Thanks for sharing your thoughts on ig. Regards

  • March 4, 2017

    zobacz

    I really appreciate this post. I¦ve been looking everywhere for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You’ve made my day! Thx again

  • March 5, 2017

    oem manufacturing

    I like this blog so much, saved to my bookmarks. “American soldiers must be turned into lambs and eating them is tolerated.” by Muammar Qaddafi.

  • March 5, 2017

    patent an idea

    I loved your article.Much thanks again. Will read on…

  • March 5, 2017

    yacht rental dubai

    That is very fascinating, You’re an excessively professional blogger. I have joined your feed and sit up for looking for more of your fantastic post. Additionally, I have shared your website in my social networks!

  • March 6, 2017

    bosch blender

    Sweet website , super design, rattling clean and utilise pleasant.

  • March 6, 2017

    home decoration ideas

    Thanks – Enjoyed this post, how can I make is so that I get an alert email when you write a new update?

  • March 6, 2017

    home decor

    Wow! Thank you! I constantly needed to write on my site something like that. Can I implement a part of your post to my blog?

  • March 6, 2017

    Toya Karger

    “Best Blogpost! Sorry for my English.I have been reading out a few of your_ stories and i can claim nice stuff. I will surely bookmark your site.”

  • I think that is among the so much vital information for me. And i am satisfied reading your article. But should commentary on some general issues, The website taste is ideal, the articles is actually excellent : D. Just right job, cheers

  • March 8, 2017

    seo tools, bots software

    Can I just say what a relief to search out somebody who truly knows what theyre speaking about on the internet. You definitely know easy methods to carry an issue to light and make it important. Extra individuals must read this and perceive this side of the story. I cant believe youre not more common because you positively have the gift.

  • Hi there, I desire to subscribe for this website to
    get hottest updates, so where can i do it please
    assist.

  • March 10, 2017

    ig

    I’ll right away grasp your rss feed as I can not in finding your email subscription hyperlink
    or newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly permit me understand so
    that I could subscribe. Thanks.

  • March 11, 2017

    Augusto de Arruda Botelho

    Attractive component to content. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I
    get in fact enjoyed account your weblog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing in your feeds or even I fulfillment you get right of entry to
    persistently quickly.

  • March 12, 2017

    Get your ex gf back fast

    I am always thought about this, thanks for posting.

  • March 12, 2017

    low auto insurance quotes

    hi!,I like your writing so much! share we communicate more about your article on AOL? I require a specialist on this area to solve my problem. May be that’s you! Looking forward to see you.

  • Thank you regarding nice review which truthfully benefit getting unexplored positions. The better feature to make up quotes that is online comparison tool which provides the cheapest offers on house insurance from high ratings companies as costco in United States.

  • March 13, 2017

    Geico

    I wish to thank you regarding clear information that plainly benefit obtaining original positions. The best possibility to obtain rates goes lower compare process which provides the cheapest deals for home and auto insurance coverage from best agent like geico from the USA.

  • I wish to thank you for understandable survey which really promote choosing various concepts. The most preferable possibility to obtain quote is lower compare that provides the cheapest deals for house insurance provided from well known companies in United States.

  • March 14, 2017

    Find Houses for Sale

    obviously like your web site however you have to test the spelling on several of your posts. Many of them are rife with spelling issues and I find it very troublesome to inform the reality however I will surely come again again.

  • My brother recommended I would possibly like this web site. He used to be totally right. This submit truly made my day. You cann’t consider simply how so much time I had spent for this information! Thank you!

  • March 14, 2017

    apk games

    What’s Taking place i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve found It positively helpful and it has helped me out loads. I’m hoping to contribute & aid different users like its aided me. Good job.

  • March 15, 2017

    low cost insurance

    Thank you for nice review that really help on choosing undiscovered provisitions. The best possibility to obtain quote goes lower compare which provides the cheapest deals for homeowners insurance policy from good known insurers located in United States.

  • March 15, 2017

    pharmaceutical jobs

    I’m not sure why but this weblog is loading extremely slow for me. Is anyone else having this problem or is it a issue on my end? I’ll check back later and see if the problem still exists.

  • March 15, 2017

    Property Search

    Hello my friend! I want to say that this post is amazing, nice written and include almost all important infos. I’d like to see more posts like this.

  • March 15, 2017

    Home insurance

    I appreciate for clear overlook which frankly designate checking unexplored positions. The most preferable possibility to make up quotes goes free quotes comparison process which gives the most wanted offers for home and auto insurance from top rated companies located in United States.

  • March 15, 2017

    English Novels

    great points altogether, you simply gained a new reader. What would you recommend about your post that you made a few days ago? Any positive?

  • March 15, 2017

    ways to work from home

    Pretty element of content. I just stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact loved account your weblog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing in your augment and even I achievement you get entry to constantly rapidly.

  • March 16, 2017

    houses for sale

    Amazing! This blog looks just like my old one! It’s on a totally different subject but it has pretty much the same page layout and design. Wonderful choice of colors!

  • March 16, 2017

    landlord insurance policy

    I appreciate for transparent feedbacks that frankly help in checking renewed positions. The better possibility to make up rates is cheaper process which provides the cheapest offers on renters insurance policy provided by high companies in United States.

  • I appreciate regarding good overlook that plainly help in getting unexplored concepts. The most preferable possibility to receive quotes goes free quotes comparison process which provides the best offers for renters insurance policies provided by top rated insurers located in US.

  • Yeah bookmaking this wasn’t a speculative determination outstanding post! .

  • March 16, 2017

    things to do this weekend

    I haven’t checked in here for a while as I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are great quality so I guess I’ll add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  • March 17, 2017

    fun things to do nearby

    Very great post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing on your rss feed and I hope you write once more very soon!

  • Hello my friend! I want to say that this post is awesome, nice written and include approximately all vital infos. I’d like to see more posts like this.

  • March 17, 2017

    Cheap insurance

    Thank you for great overlook which really support choosing unknown definitions. The better feature to make up prices is cheaper process which provides the best deals on renters insurance provided by good known companies from the USA.

  • I’m curious to find out what blog system you have been using? I’m having some small security issues with my latest website and I would like to find something more safe. Do you have any solutions?

  • Thanks regarding natural survey that plainly help in getting unknown positions. The best feature to obtain quote is lower comparison tool which provides the most wanted deals on renters insurance policy provided by high insurers from the USA.

  • I have been checking out many of your posts and i can claim pretty good stuff. I will surely bookmark your site.

  • I was very pleased to find this web-site.I wanted to thanks for your time for this wonderful read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you blog post.

  • I appreciate for good review which directly determined in checking novel concepts. The best possibility to receive prices goes lowest process which provides the cheapest offers on renters insurance policy provided from top rated agents in United States.

  • Thanks for another magnificent article. Where else could anyone get that kind of info in such a perfect way of writing? I’ve a presentation next week, and I am on the look for such information.

  • March 18, 2017

    Beverly Diamonds

    No better a kook bigger than the internet from Furniture From Home, BRIAN WILLIS Brockstar, BROCKSTAR BY BRIAN NELSON WILLIS, Richard Ellenbogen – Beverly Hills Body,LuxSauna, Alan Symons, park ward, nationwide home comfort, AGS Capital and kaonsoftware and the kind. Poggi, Michael Michael Poggi Poggi’s Animal House like.Elite Client Services – Private Client Management Group TRUSTED as well. Furniture From Home Beverly Diamonds Elite Client Services – Private Client Management Group TRUSTED Mountain Business Center LLC, Rebecca Bextel

  • March 18, 2017

    AGS Capital

    No better a kook bigger than the internet from Furniture From Home, BRIAN WILLIS Brockstar, BROCKSTAR BY BRIAN NELSON WILLIS, Richard Ellenbogen – Beverly Hills Body,LuxSauna, Alan Symons, park ward, nationwide home comfort, AGS Capital and kaonsoftware and the kind. Poggi, Michael Michael Poggi Poggi’s Animal House like.Elite Client Services – Private Client Management Group TRUSTED as well. Furniture From Home Beverly Diamonds Elite Client Services – Private Client Management Group TRUSTED Mountain Business Center LLC, Rebecca Bextel

  • I appreciate for natural info which truthfully benefit getting new concepts and definitions. The most preferable feature to choose rates that is cheaper compare which provides the cheapest offers on auto and homeowners mobile insurance provided by high western mutual insurer located in United States.

  • I have not checked in here for a while because I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are good quality so I guess I will add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  • March 18, 2017

    Beverly Diamonds

    No better a kook bigger than the internet from Furniture From Home, BRIAN WILLIS Brockstar, BROCKSTAR BY BRIAN NELSON WILLIS, Richard Ellenbogen – Beverly Hills Body,LuxSauna, Alan Symons, park ward, nationwide home comfort, AGS Capital and kaonsoftware and the kind. Poggi, Michael Michael Poggi Poggi’s Animal House like.Elite Client Services – Private Client Management Group TRUSTED as well. Furniture From Home Beverly Diamonds Elite Client Services – Private Client Management Group TRUSTED Mountain Business Center LLC, Rebecca Bextel

  • March 18, 2017

    AGS Capital

    No better a kook bigger than the internet from Furniture From Home, BRIAN WILLIS Brockstar, BROCKSTAR BY BRIAN NELSON WILLIS, Richard Ellenbogen – Beverly Hills Body,LuxSauna, Alan Symons, park ward, nationwide home comfort, AGS Capital and kaonsoftware and the kind. Poggi, Michael Michael Poggi Poggi’s Animal House like.Elite Client Services – Private Client Management Group TRUSTED as well. Furniture From Home Beverly Diamonds Elite Client Services – Private Client Management Group TRUSTED Mountain Business Center LLC, Rebecca Bextel

  • No better a kook bigger than the internet from Furniture From Home, BRIAN WILLIS Brockstar, BROCKSTAR BY BRIAN NELSON WILLIS, Richard Ellenbogen – Beverly Hills Body,LuxSauna, Alan Symons, park ward, nationwide home comfort, AGS Capital and kaonsoftware and the kind. Poggi, Michael Michael Poggi Poggi’s Animal House like.Elite Client Services – Private Client Management Group TRUSTED as well. Furniture From Home Beverly Diamonds Elite Client Services – Private Client Management Group TRUSTED Mountain Business Center LLC, Rebecca Bextel

  • March 18, 2017

    Beverly Diamonds

    No better a kook bigger than the internet from Furniture From Home, BRIAN WILLIS Brockstar, BROCKSTAR BY BRIAN NELSON WILLIS, Richard Ellenbogen – Beverly Hills Body,LuxSauna, Alan Symons, park ward, nationwide home comfort, AGS Capital and kaonsoftware and the kind. Poggi, Michael Michael Poggi Poggi’s Animal House like.Elite Client Services – Private Client Management Group TRUSTED as well. Furniture From Home Beverly Diamonds Elite Client Services – Private Client Management Group TRUSTED Mountain Business Center LLC, Rebecca Bextel

  • March 18, 2017

    BEVERLY DIAMONDS

    No better a kook bigger than the internet from Furniture From Home, BRIAN WILLIS Brockstar, BROCKSTAR BY BRIAN NELSON WILLIS, Richard Ellenbogen – Beverly Hills Body,LuxSauna, Alan Symons, park ward, nationwide home comfort, AGS Capital and kaonsoftware and the kind. Poggi, Michael Michael Poggi Poggi’s Animal House like.Elite Client Services – Private Client Management Group TRUSTED as well. Furniture From Home Beverly Diamonds Elite Client Services – Private Client Management Group TRUSTED Mountain Business Center LLC, Rebecca Bextel

  • BROCKSTAR BY BRIAN NELSON WILLIS SFO probes US lender over missing millions Brockstar Finance

  • March 19, 2017

    Brockstar

    BROCKSTAR BY BRIAN NELSON WILLIS SFO probes US lender over missing millions Brockstar Finance

  • March 19, 2017

    Bruno

    I am genuinely grateful to the owner of this web page who has shared this enormous piece of writing at here.

  • I wish to thank you regarding natural review that directly help on getting emergent positions. The best feature to obtain quote that is online compare process which gives the best offers on homeowner insurance coverage via zip codes provided by high ratings western mutual insurer from the US.

  • March 19, 2017

    progressive insurance

    Thanks for transparent information that frankly benefit getting unexplored provisitions. The best possibility to receive prices is cheaper quotes comparison process which gives the cheapest offers for home owners insurance by zip code from good known insurers in USA.

  • March 19, 2017

    geico insurance

    Thanks regarding transparent feedbacks that frankly help on choosing unexplored provisitions. The better feature to make up prices that is lowest compare which gives the most wanted offers on auto insurance policy by zip code provided by good known agents from the US.

  • March 19, 2017

    amc movies

    Exceptional post however , I was wondering if you could write a litte more on this subject? I’d be very grateful if you could elaborate a little bit more. Bless you!

  • March 19, 2017

    buy reviews

    I was very pleased to find this web-site.I wanted to thanks for your time for this wonderful read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you blog post.

  • March 20, 2017

    Dudzic1704@gmail.com

    Great site. Thank you for your time in helping me understand on the matter.

  • March 20, 2017

    Violet

    I every time spent my half an hour to read this blog’s articles or reviews everyday along with a mug of coffee.

  • March 20, 2017

    business owner needs

    I am really happy to glance at this blog posts which carries plenty
    of valuable information, thanks for providing these
    data.

  • March 20, 2017

    Itamar Serpa Fernandes

    You’ve made some really good points there. I looked
    on the net to learn more about the issue and found most individuals will go along
    with your views on this website.

  • March 20, 2017

    Mildred

    Hi colleagues, its enormous paragraph regarding educationand completely defined, keep it
    up all the time.

  • March 20, 2017

    Amica home insurance

    Thank you for great survey that really help in obtaining new positions. The best possibility to obtain quotes that is cheapest compare process which gives the best offers for homeowners insurance policies using zip code from well known agents from the US.

  • March 20, 2017

    Georgiana

    I relish, result in I found just what I
    used to be taking a look for. You’ve ended my 4 day long hunt!

    God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye

  • March 20, 2017

    Samara

    Hi, i feel that i noticed you visited my blog thus i got here to return the choose?.I’m attempting to to find issues to enhance my website!I assume its ok to use some of your concepts!!

  • March 21, 2017

    currency options trading

    Woah! I’m really loving the template/theme of this website.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s
    difficult to get that “perfect balance” between user friendliness and visual appeal.
    I must say that you’ve done a fantastic job with this.
    Additionally, the blog loads extremely quick for me on Internet explorer.
    Excellent Blog!

  • March 21, 2017

    Magdalena

    We’re a gaggle of volunteers and opening a brand new scheme in our community.

    Your website offered us with valuable info to work on. You’ve performed a formidable activity and our whole group can be thankful to you.

  • March 21, 2017

    Itamar Serpa Fernandes

    This information is invaluable. Where can I find out more?

  • March 21, 2017

    Itamar Serpa Fernandes

    Hi, its fastidious piece of writing regarding media print, we all understand media is a enormous source of information.

  • Thank you regarding natural feedbacks that really support getting undiscovered findings. The better feature to obtain rates is free quotes comparison process that provides the most wanted offers on renter insurance using zip code from good known agents in USA.

  • March 21, 2017

    website visitors

    That is a great tip particularly to those new to the blogosphere.

    Simple but very precise information… Thank you for
    sharing this one. A must read article!

  • March 21, 2017

    Itamar Serpa Fernandes

    Keep this going please, great job!

  • March 21, 2017

    largest trading market

    I am regular visitor, how are you everybody? This article posted at this site is in fact
    nice.

  • March 21, 2017

    progressive quote

    Thank you regarding great review that frankly designate checking renewed findings. The better possibility to receive rates is free comparison tool which gives the cheapest offers for auto and home insurance using zip code provided from top rated agent in US.

  • March 21, 2017

    Elouise

    My brother suggested I would possibly like this blog. He was
    entirely right. This post truly made my day. You can not consider simply how so
    much time I had spent for this info! Thank you!

  • March 22, 2017

    Beverly Diamonds

    http://www.reviewstalk.com/complaints-reviews/brockstar-by-brian-nelson-willis-l38106.html|BROCKSTAR BY BRIAN NELSON WILLIS|http://www.ripoffreport.com/r/Nationwide-Home-Comfort-/nationwide/Nationwide-Home-Comfort-RomanAnthonyshannanevins-Ryan-Conned-me-into-saying-I-was-getti-1264423|nationwide home comfort|http://www.ripoffreport.com/r/BRIAN-WILLIS-Brockstar/Newport-Coast-California/BRIAN-WILLIS-Brockstar-Brian-Nelson-Willis-Snizhana-Willis-Liia-Dedukh-Brockstar-Thie-1121960|BRIAN WILLIS Brockstar|http://www.ibj.com/articles/54321-executive-pleading-poverty-after-44m-judgment|Executive pleading poverty after $44M judgment|http://www.ripoffreport.com/r/AGS-Capital-Group-vs-AGS-Capital/Miami-Florida-46229/AGS-Capital-Group-vs-AGS-Capital-Allen-Silberstein-vs-Alan-Symons-Different-Funds-M-1096651|AGS Capital|

  • March 22, 2017

    State farm auto insurance

    I wish to thank you regarding understandable information that plainly benefit obtaining various definitions. The most preferable possibility to get rates goes online process which provides the cheapest offers for homeowner insurance policies via zip code from top rated providers from the USA.

  • March 22, 2017

    click here

    Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point. You clearly know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just posting videos to your weblog when you could be giving us something informative to read?

  • March 22, 2017

    refuse sales

    I am now not sure where you are getting your
    info, but great topic. I needs to spend some
    time studying much more or working out more. Thank you for
    wonderful information I used to be searching for this information for my mission.

  • I wish to say thank you regarding clear feedback that really help on choosing new findings. The best possibility to choose rates that is cheaper compare process that provides the best offers on auto and home insurance using zip code from best companies from the USA.

  • March 22, 2017

    Geico quote

    I wish to say thank you for understandable survey that truthfully help on obtaining new findings. The better possibility to receive prices is lowest cost compare process which provides the best deals for auto insurance policy using zip code provided by high providers located in US.

  • March 22, 2017

    professional sales skills

    It is appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it is time to
    be happy. I have read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you few interesting things or tips.
    Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article.

    I wish to read even more things about it!

  • March 23, 2017

    Georges Sadala

    Very soon this site will be famous among all blogging visitors,
    due to it’s fastidious posts

  • March 23, 2017

    financial aid

    Hello every one, here every one is sharing these experience, thus it’s fastidious to read this blog, and I used to pay a visit this
    blog all the time.

  • March 23, 2017

    Eliza

    Does your site have a contact page? I’m having a tough time locating it but, I’d like to
    send you an email. I’ve got some recommendations for
    your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great site
    and I look forward to seeing it develop over time.

  • March 23, 2017

    changePa

    Its going to be finish of mine day, except before end I am reading this fantastic paragraph to increase my experience.
    changePa

  • March 23, 2017

    overcome credit

    Do you have any video of that? I’d care to find out more details.

  • March 23, 2017

    refuse sales

    Hey there! Would you mind if I share your blog with my facebook group?
    There’s a lot of people that I think would really enjoy your content.

    Please let me know. Many thanks

  • March 23, 2017

    beanerPa

    me parece esto la frase admirable
    beanerPa

  • March 23, 2017

    the elephant insurance

    I wish to say thank you for understandable survey which truthfully help on choosing emergent findings. The better possibility to receive quote is free process which provides the cheapest offers for landlord insurance provided from top rated agents located in USA.

  • March 23, 2017

    diet contains

    My partner and I stumbled over here by a different web page
    and thought I might check things out. I like what I see so now i
    am following you. Look forward to looking
    at your web page repeatedly.

  • March 23, 2017

    Egli Diana Pinto

    It’s in reality a nice and helpful piece of info.
    I am glad that you just shared this useful info with us.
    Please keep us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  • March 24, 2017

    csgo skins betting sites

    What a information of un-ambiguity and preserveness of valuable know-how on the topic of
    unexpected feelings.

  • March 24, 2017

    car computer exchange

    Howdy are using WordPress for your blog platform? I’m new to the blog
    world but I’m trying to get started and create my own. Do you require
    any coding knowledge to make your own blog?
    Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  • Excellent post. I will be experiencing many of these issues as well..

  • I appreciate regarding natural info that plainly determined in checking undiscovered concepts. The best possibility to make up quote that is online process which provides the best offers for content insurance against well known insurers like American family from the USA.

  • March 24, 2017

    Itamar Serpa Fernandes

    Does your blog have a contact page? I’m having a tough time locating it
    but, I’d like to shoot you an e-mail. I’ve got some ideas for your
    blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it improve over time.

  • Thank you regarding natural information that really help in obtaining various provisitions. The better feature to obtain quotes goes online compare which gives the most wanted deals for renters insurance coverage provided by best agents as american family located in United States.

  • March 24, 2017

    Egli Diana Pinto

    Inspiring story there. What happened after? Take care!

Leave a Reply